1 an area that includes seats for several people; "there is seating for 40 students in this classroom" [syn: seats, seating room, seating area]
2 the service of ushering people to their seats
- The provision of chairs or other places for people to sit
- Present participle of to seat.
Reserved and free seatingSeating arrangements:
- Reserved seating: each seat is reserved for a specific ticket holder.
- General admission, open seating, free seating:
- A seat is guaranteed, but not a specific one, one may choose on a first come, first choice basis; either the ticket is for a specific time/service/performance, or people are admitted until it is full, in that case one has to wait until the next occasion (e.g. in an amusement ride)
- In e.g. public transport: tickets are for a particular company and trajectory, but not a specific time; anybody with a ticket is admitted, hence there is a risk that one has to stand. If it is very crowded, the situation changes into the one mentioned previously: one may have to wait for the next vehicle, either because a guard refuses to admit more passengers, or because the vehicle is so full it is physically impossible or considered inappropriate to enter it.
- Festival seating: there are not really seats, but just an open area where a ticket holder is admitted.
Many music acts prefer festival seating because it allows the most enthusiastic fans to get near the stage and generate excitement for the rest of the crowd. Some performers and bands insist on a festival seating area near the stage.
On December 3, 1979, the Riverfront Coliseum in Cincinnati, Ohio, was the site of one of the worst rock concert tragedies in United States history. Eleven fans were killed and several dozen others injured in the rush for seating at the opening of a sold-out concert by The Who. The concert was using festival seating. When the crowds waiting outside heard the band performing a soundcheck, they thought the concert was beginning and tried to rush into the still-closed doors, trampling those at the front of the crowd.
The tragedy was blamed on poor crowd control, mainly the failure of arena management to open enough doors to deal with the crowd outside. As a result, concert venues across North America switched to assigned seating or changed their rules about festival seating. Cincinnati immediately outlawed festival seating at concerts, although it overturned the ban on August 4, 2004,, since the ban was making it difficult for Cincinnati to book concerts. (In 2002, the city had made a one-time exception to the ban, allowing festival seating for a Bruce Springsteen concert; no problems were experienced.) Cincinnati was the only city in the U.S. to outlaw festival seating altogether.
Chair arrangementsIn the case of a game, race, performance or movie, chairs face the playing field, track, stage, screen, etc. This may be in one direction (if the seats are on one side) or in inward direction (if the seats are around the stage, etc.).
In a vehicle seats are facing forward, or partly forward and partly backward, facing each other. Sometimes there are seats facing to a side.
See also Coach (rail)
seating in Dutch: Vervoermiddel#Stoelopstellingen